Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2005

Publication Title

Journal of the Electrochemical Society

Abstract

The design of higher temperature composite proton-exchange membranes (PEMs) with adequate performance under low relative humidity (RH) is discussed here based on experimental and theoretical considerations. The approach is based on enhancing the acidity and water sorption of a conventional polymer electrolyte membrane by incorporating in it a solid acidic inorganic material. A systematic investigation of the composite Nafion/inorganic additive PEMs based on characterization of water uptake, ion-exchange capacity (IEC), conductivity, and fuel cell polarization is presented. The effects of particle size, chemical treatment, additive loading, and alternate processing methodologies are investigated. The most promising candidate investigated thus far is the nanostructured ZrO2/Nafion PEM exhibiting an increase of ∼10% in IEC, ∼40% increase in water sorbed, and ∼5% enhancement in conductivity vs. unmodified Nafion 112 at 120°C and 40% RH. This appears to be an attractive candidate for incorporation into a membrane-electrode assembly for improved performance under these hot and dry conditions.

Volume

152

Issue

2

First Page Number

A316

Last Page Number

A325

DOI

10.1149/1.1843771

Publisher Statement

© The Electrochemical Society, Inc., 2005. All rights reserved. Except as provided under U.S. copyright law, this work may not be reproduced, resold, distributed, or modified without the express permission of The Electrochemical Society (ECS). The archival version of this work was published in Journal of the Electrochemical Society 152 (2), A316-A325.

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