Document Type

Article

Publication Date

11-1-1990

Publication Title

Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B

Abstract

Many distance measuring interferometers use orthogonally polarized beams in their reference and measurement arms. In practice, instrumental imperfections corrupt the polarized beam in each arm with a small amplitude signal from the other arm having the perpendicular polarization. The impact of this polarization mixing on the absolute accuracy of a single frequency laser interferometer is shown to be significantly smaller than on the accuracy of a two-frequency interferometer. Certain signals obtained from a single-frequency interferometer have no phase error due to polarization mixing. Other signals are affected in proportion to the ratio between the small mixing amplitudes and the primary polarization amplitudes. Roughly, those errors in the single frequency device depend on the square of the small mixing ratios while the error in the two frequency interferometer depends on a larger quantity, the sum of these ratios. For a mixing ratio of 0.1, the error in the single-frequency interferometer is about 20 times smaller than in the heterodyne interferometer.

Volume

8

Issue

6

First Page Number

2032

Last Page Number

2036

DOI

10.1116/1.584868

Publisher Statement

Copyright 1990 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The following article appeared in Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B 8(6) and may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1116/1.584868.

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Mathematics Commons

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