Physics of Fluids A-Fluid Dynamics
A forced Landau-Stuart equation is studied in order to derive a low-dimensional model describing the temporal behavior of a paradigm open flow, the two-dimensional forced cylinder wake. Numerical results from the model exhibit several characteristics of circle maps, and compare qualitatively to previous experimental results for an oscillating cylinder wake. The low-dimensional model is also shown to reduce to a circle map in the limit of small forcing amplitudes. Observation of circle map dynamics in the forced Landau-Stuart equation strengthens the conjecture that globally unstable fluid flows are amenable to a dynamical systems approach focusing on the study of low-dimensional iterative maps. The established connection between the Landau-Stuart equation and the circle map unifies certain aspects of spatiotemporal stability and low-dimensional chaos theory.
Olinger, David J.
(1993). A Low-Dimensional Model for Chaos in Open Fluid-Flows. Physics of Fluids A-Fluid Dynamics, 5(8), 1947-1951.
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© 1993, The American Institute of Physics. Available on publisher's site at http://pof.aip.org/.