Many modern applications, including online financial feeds, tag-based mass transit systems and RFID-based supply chain management systems transmit real-time data streams. There is a need for event stream processing technology to analyze this vast amount of sequential data to enable online operational decision making. This dissertation focuses on innovating several techniques at the core of a scalable E-Analytic system to achieve efficient, scalable and robust methods for in-memory multi-dimensional nested pattern analysis over high-speed event streams. First, I address the problem of processing flat pattern queries on event streams with out-of-order data arrival. I design two alternate solutions: aggressive and conservative strategies respectively. The aggressive strategy produces maximal output under the optimistic assumption that out-of-order event arrival is rare. The conservative method works under the assumption that out-of-order data may be common, and thus produces output only when its correctness can be guaranteed. Second, I design the integration of CEP and OLAP techniques (ECube model) for efficient multi-dimensional event pattern analysis at different abstraction levels. Strategies of drill-down (refinement from abstract to specific patterns) and of roll-up (generalization from specific to abstract patterns) are developed for the efficient workload evaluation. I design a cost-driven adaptive optimizer called Chase that exploits reuse strategies for optimal E-Cube hierarchy execution. Then, I explore novel optimization techniques to support the high- performance processing of powerful nested CEP patterns. A CEP query language called NEEL, is designed to express nested CEP pattern queries composed of sequence, negation, AND and OR operators. To allow flexible execution ordering, I devise a normalization procedure that employs rewriting rules for flattening a nested complex event expression. To conserve CPU and memory consumption, I propose several strategies for efficient shared processing of groups of normalized NEEL subexpressions. Our comprehensive experimental studies, using both synthetic as well as real data streams demonstrate superiority of our proposed strategies over alternate methods in the literature in both effectiveness and efficiency.
Worcester Polytechnic Institute
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Liu, M. (2012). Extending Event Sequence Processing:New Models and Optimization Techniques. Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.wpi.edu/etd-dissertations/167
Complex Event Processing, Optimization, Streaming, Query Processing