Faculty Advisor or Committee Member

Pam Weathers, Advisor

Faculty Advisor or Committee Member

David DiBiasio, Committee Member

Faculty Advisor or Committee Member

Reeta Rao, Committee Member

Faculty Advisor or Committee Member

Luis Vidali, Committee Member

Faculty Advisor or Committee Member

Kristin Wobbe, Committee Member

Identifier

etd-042715-110351

Abstract

A mist reactor was used to study plant growth and development under various environmental conditions towards the production of healthy plantlets ready for soil transplant in one step from inoculation. In addition, a 3D type of cultivation via surface attachment of explants to vertically hanging strips inside the mist reactor was also investigated to maximize productivity with minimal footprint. Using carrot as the model species, pre-embryogenic cell suspensions were successfully spray-inoculated onto hanging poly-L-lysine (PLL)-coated nylon mesh to which they then attached and remained for several weeks while they developed into rooted plantlets. To study single step micropropagation from shoot explants to fully acclimatized plantlets, Artemisia annua was used as the model species. Nodal cuttings of A. annua were inoculated onto PLL-coated mesh strips by briefly immersing the strips in the suspension of nodal cuttings. Investigation of medium, phytohormones, CO2, ventilation level and humidity ensued resulting in selection of a preferred final process that reduced physiological aberrations like hyperhydricity and was time efficient. The nodal cuttings that attached to the strips were first misted with half strength shooting medium for 7 days to develop new shoots. Then the new shoots were misted with the rooting medium supplemented with NAA for 12 days to develop roots. Rooted plantlets were acclimatized in the same rooting medium for 9 days to acquire fully functional stomata prior to planting into soil. Taken together this study suggested that fully developed plantlets ready for planting into soil could be obtained in a single step in a bioreactor from embryogenic cells or from nodal explants.

Publisher

Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Degree Name

PhD

Department

Biology & Biotechnology

Project Type

Dissertation

Date Accepted

2015-04-27

Accessibility

Unrestricted

Subjects

plant tissue culture, poly-L-lysine, mist reactor, micropropagation, somatic embryogenesis

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