Faculty Advisor or Committee Member

Kaveh Pahlavan, Advisor

Faculty Advisor or Committee Member

Robert Tingley, Committee Member

Faculty Advisor or Committee Member

William R. Michalson, Committee Member

Faculty Advisor or Committee Member

Kevin A. Clements, Committee Member

Identifier

etd-0429103-104200

Abstract

Recently, there are great interests in the location-based applications and the location-awareness of mobile wireless systems in indoor areas, which require accurate location estimation in indoor environments. The traditional geolocation systems such as the GPS are not designed for indoor applications, and cannot provide accurate location estimation in indoor environments. Therefore, there is a need for new location finding techniques and systems for indoor geolocation applications. In this thesis, a wide variety of technical aspects and challenging issues involved in the design and performance evaluation of indoor geolocation systems are presented first. Then the TOA estimation techniques are studied in details for use in indoor multipath channels, including the maximum-likelihood technique, the MUSIC super-resolution technique, and diversity techniques as well as various issues involved in the practical implementation. It is shown that due to the complexity of indoor radio propagation channels, dramatically large estimation errors may occur with the traditional techniques, and the super-resolution techniques can significantly improve the performance of the TOA estimation in indoor environments. Also, diversity techniques, especially the frequency-diversity with the CMDCS, can further improve the performance of the super-resolution techniques.

Publisher

Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Degree Name

PhD

Department

Electrical & Computer Engineering

Project Type

Dissertation

Date Accepted

2003-04-29

Accessibility

Unrestricted

Subjects

channel measurement, location finding, indoor geolocation, TOA, super-resolution, Mobile communication systems, Broadband communication systems, Indoor geolocation systems

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