"Quenching is the rapid cooling process from an elevated temperature. Compared to water and oil quench medium, high pressure and velocity gas is preferred to quench medium and high hardenability steel, with the potential to reduce distortion, stress and cracks. Currently, no standard test exists to characterize the gas quench steel hardenability and measure the performance of industrial gas quench furnaces. In this thesis, the fundamental difference between the liquid and gas quenching, heat transfer coefficient, was emphasized. It has been proven that gas quenching with constant HTC cannot generate the similar cooling curves compared to liquid quenching. Limitations on current gas quench steel hardenability tests were reviewed. Critical HTC, a concept like critical diameter, was successfully proved to describe the gas quench hardenability of steel. An attempt to use critical HTC test bar and measure the HTC distribution of gas quench furnace was made. Gas quenching, usually with slow cooling rate, may reduce hardness and Charpy impact toughness, compared to water and oil quenching. Lattice parameter and c/a ratio of as-quenched martensite in steel was measured using high resolution X-ray diffraction and Rietveld refinement. For AISI 4140, Charpy impact toughness decreases when the cooling rate decreases after quenching and tempering. Austenite percentage and carbon content in austenite is proposed as the dominated mechanism."
Worcester Polytechnic Institute
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Lu, Y. (2017). Heat Transfer, Hardenability and Steel Phase Transformations during Gas Quenching. Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.wpi.edu/etd-dissertations/399
heat transfer, quench, hardenability, gas quench