The ultimate goal of any visual analytic task is to make sense of the data and gain insights. Unfortunately, the process of discovering useful information is becoming more challenging nowadays due to the growing data scale. Particularly, the human cognitive capabilities remain constant whereas the scale and complexity of data are not. Meanwhile, visual analytics largely relies on human analytic in the loop which imposes challenge to traditional human-driven workflow. It is almost impossible to show every aspect of details to the user while diving into local region of the data to explain phenomenons hidden in the data. For example, while exploring the data subsets, it is always important to determine which partitions of data contain more important information. Also, determining the subset of features is vital before further doing other analysis. Furthermore, modeling on these subsets of data locally can yield great finding but also introduces bias. In this work, a model driven visual analytic framework is proposed to help identify interesting local patterns from the above three aspects. This dissertation work aims to tackle these subproblems in the following three topics: model-driven data exploration, model-driven feature analysis and local model diagnosis. First, the model-driven data exploration focus on the problem of modeling subset of data to identify the co-movement of time-series data within certain subset time partitions, which is an important application in a number of domains such as medical science, finance, business and engineering. Second, the model-driven feature analysis is to discover the important subset of interesting features while analyzing local feature similarities. Within the financial risk dataset collected by domain expert, we discover that the feature correlation among different data partitions (i.e., small and large companies) are very different. Third, local model diagnosis provides a tool to identify interesting local regression models at local regions of the data space which makes it possible for the analysts to model the whole data space with a set of local models while knowing the strength and weakness of them. The three tools provide an integrated solution for identifying interesting patterns within local subsets of data.
Worcester Polytechnic Institute
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Zhao, K. (2016). A Model-driven Visual Analytic Framework for Local Pattern Analysis. Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.wpi.edu/etd-dissertations/446
visual analytics, data analytics, interactive exploration