Variation in tissue correction factors for LiF, Al2O3 and Silicon Dosimeters as a function of tissue depth with comparison between intensity weighted mono-energetic photon and the poly-energetic photons used in brachytherapy and diagnostic radiology.
Faculty Advisor or Committee Member
David Medich, Advisor
"The MCNP6 radiation transport code was used to quantify changes in the absorbed dose tissue conversion factors for LiF, Al2O3, and silicon-based electronic dosimeters. While normally calibrated in-air and applied to all general geometric measurements, tissue conversion factors for each dosimeter were obtained at various depths in a simulated water phantom and compared against the standard in-air calibration method. In these experiments, a mono-energetic photon source was modeled at energies between 30 keV and 300 keV for a point-source placed at the center of a water phantom, a point-source placed at the surface of the phantom, and for a 10-cm radial field geometry. Again, mono-energetic photon source was modeled up to 1300 keV for a disk-source placed at the surface of the phantom and dosimetric calculations were obtained for water, LiF, Al2O3, and silicon at depths of 1 mm to 35 cm from the source. The dosimeter’s absorbed dose conversion factor was calculated as a ratio of the absorbed dose to water to that of the dosimeter measured at a specified phantom depth. The dosimeter’s calibration value also was obtained for both mono and polyenergetic source and the calibration value from poly-energetic source was compared with the intensity weighted average calibration value from mono-energetic photon. The calculated changes in the tissue conversion factors are significant because the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) recommend that measurements of a brachytherapy or diagnostic source be made with an overall uncertainity of 5% or better. Yet, based on results, the absorbed dose tissue conversion factor for a LiF dosimeter was found to deviate from its calibration value by up to 9%, an Al2O3 dosimeter by 43%, and a silicon dosimeter by 61%. These uncertainties are in addition to the normal measurement uncertainties. By applying these tissue correction factors, these data may be used to meet the AAPM measurement requirements for mono-energetic and poly-energetic sources at measurement depths up to 35 cm under the irradiation geometries investigated herein. "
Worcester Polytechnic Institute
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Poudel, S. (2017). Variation in tissue correction factors for LiF, Al2O3 and Silicon Dosimeters as a function of tissue depth with comparison between intensity weighted mono-energetic photon and the poly-energetic photons used in brachytherapy and diagnostic radiology.. Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.wpi.edu/etd-dissertations/487
Tissue Correction Factor, MCNP, Dosimeter
Available for download on Sunday, October 14, 2018