Identifier

etd-0910102-141712

Abstract

"The condensation of vapor onto a cooled surface is a phenomenon which can be difficult to quantify spatially and as a function of time; this thesis describes an ultrasonic system to measure this phenomenon. The theoretical basis for obtaining condensate film thickness measurements, which can be used to calculate growth rates and film surface features, from ultrasonic echoes will be discussed and the hardware and software will be described. The ultrasonic system utilizes a 5MHz planar piston transducer operated in pulse-echo mode to measure the thickness of a fluid film on a cooled copper block over the fluid thickness range of 50 microns to several centimeters; the signal processing algorithms and software developed to carry out this task are described in detail. The results of several experiments involving the measurement of both non-condensing and condensing films are given. In addition, numerical modeling of specific condensate film geometries was performed to support the experimental system; the results of modeling nonuniform fluid layers are discussed in the context of the effect of such layers on the measurement system."

Publisher

Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Degree Name

MS

Department

Electrical & Computer Engineering

Project Type

Thesis

Date Accepted

2002-09-10

Accessibility

Unrestricted

Subjects

microgravity, condensation, ultrasound, Condensation products (Chemistry), Thin films, Measurement, Reduced gravity environments, Ultrasonic testing

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