"This thesis presents a real-time noncontact system that can monitor an infant's respiration and detect apnea when it occurs. For infants, bedside monitoring of respiratory signals using non-contact sensors is desirable at the hospital and for in-home care. Traditional approach employs acoustic sensors which can hardly detect infant breathing due to low SNR. In this thesis, a novel method is introduced by using a ultra-wideband (UWB) radar that obtains breathing signal from an infant's weak chest vibration. Furthermore, advanced signal processing techniques are proposed to monitor the breathing signal and to detect apnea. Since an infant may move in the crib, a location algorithm is applied periodically to track the current location of the infant's chest. An apnea warning is issued when the respiration is absent for a pre-defined period of time."
Worcester Polytechnic Institute
Electrical & Computer Engineering
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Tian, Tian, "An Ultra-Wide Band Radar Based Noncontact Device for Real-time Apnea Detection" (2015). Masters Theses (All Theses, All Years). 1092.
Biomed signal processing, UWB Radar, Infant Apnea, Breathing Detection