General health screening is needed to decrease the risk of pandemic in high volume areas. Thermal characterization, via infrared imaging, is an effective technique for fever detection, however, strict use requirements in combination with highly controlled environmental conditions compromise the practicality of such a system. Combining advanced processing techniques to thermograms of individuals can remove some of these requirements allowing for more flexible classification algorithms. The purpose of this research was to identify individuals who had febrile status utilizing modern thermal imaging and machine learning techniques in a minimally controlled setting. Two methods were evaluated with data that contained environmental, and acclimation noise due to data gathering technique. The first was a pretrained VGG16 Convolutional Neural Network found to have F1 score of 0.77 (accuracy of 76%) on a balanced dataset. The second was a VGG16 Feature Extractor that gives inputs to a principle components analysis and utilizes a support vector machine for classification. This technique obtained a F1 score of 0.84 (accuracy of 85%) on balanced data sets. These results demonstrate that machine learning is an extremely viable technique to classify febrile status independent of noise affiliated.
Worcester Polytechnic Institute
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Kostopouls, Theodore P., "A Machine Learning approach to Febrile Classification" (2018). Masters Theses (All Theses, All Years). 1173.
Fever Screening, Classification, Thermal Imaging, Deep Learning, Machine Learning