"When cells are exposed to environmental stress, they respond by compartmentalizing mRNA and translation proteins in stress granulates to protect mRNA. However, the mechanism through which external stress is communicated into the cell to form stress granules is unknown. Phospholipase Cβ (PLCβ) is activated by Gq on the plasma membrane in response to sensory stimuli to initiate calcium signals resulting in a variety of cellular responses. Here, we show that PLCβ binds to major proteins that organize stress granules as well as the main component of the RNA-induced silencing machinery, Argonaute-2 (Ago2). Under stress, PLCβ moves from the plasma membrane to the cytosol to escort Ago2 into stress granules and potentially inhibit mRNA degradation by regulating microRNAs (miRs) expression. Using a model muscle cell line functionally adapted to handle stress, we find that upon osmotic stress, the movement of PLCβ into the cytosol to move Ago2 into stress granules changes the population and distribution of miRs, and in particular, members of the let family. The impact of changes in let is to acutely affect glucose metabolism allowing cells to adapt to stress conditions. Our studies present a model in which PLCβ relays information about external stress to promote stress granule formation and protect mRNAs."
Worcester Polytechnic Institute
Chemistry & Biochemistry
All authors have granted to WPI a nonexclusive royalty-free license to distribute copies of the work. Copyright is held by the author or authors, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise noted. If you have any questions, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
Restricted-WPI community only
Singla, Ashima, "PHOSHOLIPASE Cβ INTERACTS WITH ARGONAUTE 2 IN STRESS GRANULES TO CHANGE THE MICRORNAs POPULATION IN RESPONSE TO OSMOTIC STRESS" (2017). Masters Theses (All Theses, All Years). 1248.
Phospholipase Cβ, Ago2, stress granules, fluorescence microscopy, osmotic stress
Available for download on Friday, December 04, 2020