Modeling and Numerical Simulations of Active and Passive Forces Using Immersed Boundary Method

Xin Lai, Worcester Polytechnic Institute


This thesis uses the Immersed Boundary Method (IBM) to simulate the movement of a human heart. The IBM was developed by Charles Peskin in the 70’s to solve Fluid-Structure Interaction models (FSI). The heart is embedded inside a fluid (blood) which moves according to the Navier-Stokes equation. The Navier-Stokes equation is solved by the Spectral Method. Forces on the heart muscle can be divided into two kinds: Active Force and Passive Force. Passive includes the effect of curvature (Peskin’s model), spring model, and the torsional spring (or beam) model. Active force is modeled by the 3-element Hill model, which was used in the 30’s to model skeletal muscle. We performed simulations with different combinations of these four forces. Numerical simulations are performed using MATLAB. We downloaded Peskin’s code from the Internet and modified the Force.m file to include the above four forces. This thesis only considers heart muscle movement in the organ (macroscopic) scale.