Faculty Advisor

Neil T. Heffernan

Faculty Advisor

Diane M. Strong

Faculty Advisor

Elke A. Rundensteiner


The desire to follow student learning within intelligent tutoring systems in near real time has led to the development of several models anticipating the correctness of the next item as students work through an assignment. Such models have in- cluded Bayesian Knowledge Tracing (BKT), Performance Factors Analysis (PFA), and more recently with developments in Deep Learning, Deep Knowledge Tracing (DKT). The DKT model, based on the use of a recurrent neural network, exhibited promising results in paper [PBH+15]. Thus far, however, the model has only considered the knowledge components of the problems and correctness as input, neglecting the breadth of other features col- lected by computer-based learning platforms. This work seeks to improve upon the DKT model by incorporating more features at the problem-level and student-level. With this higher dimensional input, an adaption to the original DKT model struc- ture is also proposed, incorporating an Autoencoder network layer to convert the input into a low dimensional feature vector to reduce both the resource requirement and time needed to train. Experimental results show that our adapted DKT model, which includes more combinations of features, can effectively improve accuracy.


Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Degree Name



Data Science

Project Type


Date Accepted





DKT, RNN, Knowledge tracing, Deep learning