Many modern applications process queries over unbounded streams of data. These applications include tracking financial data from international markets, intrusion detection in networks, monitoring remote sensors, and monitoring patients vital signs. These data streams arrive in real time, are unbounded in length and have unpredictable arrival patterns due to external uncontrollable factors such as network congestion or weather in the case of remote sensors. This thesis presents a novel technique for adapting the execution of stream queries that, to my knowledge, is not present in any other continuous query system to date. This thesis hypothesizes that utilizing a single scheduling algorithm to execute a continuous query, as is employed in other state-of-the-art continuous query systems, is not sufficient because existing scheduling algorithms all have inherent flaws or tradeoffs. Thus, one scheduling algorithm cannot optimally meet an arbitrary set of Quality of Service (QoS) requirements. Therefore, to meet unique features of specific monitoring applications, an adaptive strategy selector guidable by QoS requirements was developed. The adaptive strategy selector monitors the effects of its behavior on its environment through a feedback mechanism, with the aim of exploiting previously beneficial behavior and exploring alternative behavior. The feedback mechanism is guided by qualitatively comparing how well each algorithm has met the QoS requirements. Then the next scheduling algorithm is chosen by spinning a roulette wheel where each candidate is chosen with a probability equal to its performance score. The adaptive algorithm is general, being able to employ any candidate scheduling algorithm and to react to any combination of quality of service preferences. As part of this thesis, the Raindrop system was developed as exploratory test bed in which to conduct an experimental study. In that experimental study, the adaptive algorithm was shown to be effective in outperforming single scheduling algorithms for many QoS combinations and data arrival patterns.
Worcester Polytechnic Institute
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Pielech, Bradford Charles, "Adaptive Scheduling Algorithm Selection in a Streaming Query System" (2004). Masters Theses (All Theses, All Years). 79.
streaming query, query processing, database, adaptive, Algorithms, Database searching, Query languages (Computer science)