Faculty Advisor

Reinhold Ludwig

Faculty Advisor

Alexander E. Emanuel

Faculty Advisor

Sergey N. Makarov




In this thesis, the Method of Moments has been applied to calculate capacitance between two arbitrary 3D metal conductors or a capacitance matrix for a 3D multi-conductor system. Capacitance extraction has found extensive use for systems involving sets of long par- allel transmission lines in multi-dielectric environment as well as integrated circuit package including three-dimensional conductors located on parallel planes. This paper starts by reviewing fundamental aspects of transient electro-magnetics followed by the governing dif- ferential and integral equations to motivate the application of numerical methods as Method of Moments(MoM), Finite Element Method(FEM), etc. Among these numerical tools, the surface-based integral-equation methodology - MoM is ideally suited to address the prob- lem. It leads to a well-conditioned system with reduced size, as compared to volumetric methods. In this dissertation, the MoM Surface Integral Equation (SIE)-based modeling approach is developed to realize electrostatic capacitance extraction for 3D geometry. MAT- LAB is employed to validate its e?ciency and e?ectiveness along with design of a friendly GUI. As a base example, a parallel-plate capacitor is considered. We evaluate the accu- racy of the method by comparison with FEM simulations as well as the corresponding quasi-analytical solution. We apply this method to the parallel-plate square capacitor and demonstrate how far could the undergraduate result 0C = A ? "=d' be from reality. For the completion of the solver, the same method is applied to the calculation of line capacitance for two- and multi-conductor 2D transmission lines.


Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Degree Name



Electrical & Computer Engineering

Project Type


Date Accepted





MATLAB, Method of Moments, Numerical Solution, Capacitance extraction