Faculty Advisor

John McNeill

Faculty Advisor

Andrew Klein

Faculty Advisor

Richard Vaz




"This work describes the integrated circuit design of a 16-bit, 10Msample/sec, combination ‘split’ interleaved analog to digital converter. Time interleaving of analog to digital converters has been used successfully for many years as a technique to achieve faster speeds using multiple identical converters. However, efforts to achieve higher resolutions with this technique have been difficult due to the precise matching required of the converter channels. The most troublesome errors in these types of converters are gain, offset and timing differences between channels. The ‘split ADC’ is a new concept that allows the use of a deterministic, digital, self calibrating algorithm. In this approach, an ADC is split into two paths, producing two output codes from the same input sample. The difference of these two codes is used as the calibration signal for an LMS error estimation algorithm that drives the difference error to zero. The ADC is calibrated when the codes are equal and the output is taken as the average of the two codes. The ‘split’ ADC concept and interleaved architecture are combined in this IC design to form the core of a high speed, high resolution, and self-calibrating ADC system. The dual outputs are used to drive a digital calibration engine to correct for the channel mismatch errors. This system has the speed benefits of interleaving while maintaining high resolution. The hardware for the algorithm as well as the ADC can be implemented in a standard 0.25um CMOS process, resulting in a relatively inexpensive solution. This work is supported by grants from Analog Devices Incorporated (ADI) and the National Science Foundation (NSF). "


Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Degree Name



Electrical & Computer Engineering

Project Type


Date Accepted





A/D Converter, Interleaved ADC, ADC, split-ADC, Analog-to-Digital Converter