Orr, John A.
The vast majority of net job creation in the American economy is produced in young firms, specifically those in their first year of operation. This is the case for firms as an aggregate, but not necessarily for individual firms. Due to the high attrition rates in a firm’s early years, employment loss in years subsequent to firm birth typically outweighs whatever net job creation is contributed by surviving firms founded the same year. Encouraging startup creation and supporting the survival and expansion of young firms are important aspects in refitting the American job market. Such initiatives must include tax benefits that encourage investment in young firms, in addition to support by a young firm’s local government and firm environment.
Worcester Polytechnic Institute
Interactive Qualifying Project
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Electrical and Computer Engineering