Addison, William A.
Rissmiller, Kent J.
Sea Grant, University of Puerto Rico
This study examined the affects of urban sprawl on the mangrove ecosystems of Puerto Rico. Data on urban sprawl, water quality, mangrove leaves, and mangrove distribution were analyzed statistically and with GIS software. The data indicated a correlation between urban sprawl and increased water pollution levels. Increased hydrocarbons were found to harm mangrove tree health. Urban expansion greatly reduced mangrove tree distribution until the 1970's. Since, mangrove trees have crept into protected and undeveloped areas, and their distribution has increased.
Worcester Polytechnic Institute
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