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Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B-Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science


Effective removal of unwanted particles from a molten metal alloy by flotation relies on purging a gas into the melt through a rotating impeller. This device is commonly known as a rotary degasser. Unwanted particles in the melt attach to the rising gas bubbles and rise to the slag layer where they are removed from the metal bulk. In addition, the turbulence created by the rotating impeller causes the randomly distributed solid particles to agglomerate into relatively large clusters. These clusters float up or settle down due to the difference between their density and that of the melt. A mathematical model has been developed to describe the particle dynamics and particle agglomeration that occur during the rotary degassing of aluminum melts. While previous investigations addressed particle collisions in low intensity turbulent fields where the size of the colliding particles is smaller than the Kolmogorov length scale, this model is more encompassing as it considers both low intensity and high intensity turbulence. Consequently, this model is more representative of a typical industrial rotary degassing operation.





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Copyright 2002, ASM International. This paper was published in Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B-Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science Vol. 33 Iss. 2 pp. 305-314 and is made available as an electronic reprint with the permission of, ASM International. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplications of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of this paper are prohibited.